عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this research is to review the philosophical basis of Soviet Media Theory. The Soviet Media Theory is affected by the viewpoints of Marx and Hegel. By influencing the opinions of Lenin and the Bolshovik Party, these two thinkers caused the Bolshovik Party to impose special regulations on the media and oblige them to observe specific rules. By utilizing descriptive-analytical method, this research has tried to extract the philosophical ground of the Soviet Media Theory by using the viewpoints of Marx and Hegel. Library method of data collection was used in this research. The findings of the research show that Hegel’s viewpoints have rather affected this theory indirectly. In this respect, the outlooks of Marx have had more direct impact on the Soviet Media Theory and has caused that Lenin and the progressive party use the media as a consciousness-raising instrument so that the real consciousness would be transferred to the proletariat and, in this way, the way to final freedom would be paved.