عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the connection between the activities related to ideal images on Facebook and negative images of the body as well as explaining this relationship through studying the mediating role of ‘’different from self’’.
Methods: The subjects of this study were 129 students in two girl high schools and a boy high school in District Two of the city of Tehran, who were selected according to the Convenience Sampling Method. Being Facebook user and being active in this social network were the criteria for selection of the subjects. The scales of “negative body image”, “different from self”, and questionnaires on activities related to ideal images on Facebook were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and path analysis methods.
Results: The results showed that the activities associated with ideal images on Facebook are meaningfully predictors of the “negative body image” (β = .312, p <.001), and “different from self” (β = - .354, p < .001). “Different from self”, too, predicts “negative image of the body” (β = .313, p <.001). Besides, “different from self” can partially mediate the relation between the activities related to ideal images on Facebook and the “negative image of the body” (β = .233, p <.001).
Conclusion: The findings showed that adolescents in the face of ideal images on Facebook, pressing the ‘Like’ button, and leaving comments about them and sharing them again, assess their true selves very different and distinct from their ideal selves and as a result they feel negative about their body and organs. Therefore, identifying the impact of activities related to the Facebook ideal images on the magnitude of the contradiction between the real self and the ideal self and the negative body image can produce a better understanding of the etiology of such disorder in adolescent users of social networks.