عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper conducts a comparative analysis of ISIS news coverage by the IRIB Channel One 21:00 News Program and the Press TV’s Top5 Program during the first five months of the past Iranian year (20 March 2015- 21 August 2016). The statistical population of the research comprises all the news stories aired by these news programs within the afore-mentioned period. No sampling was made and all the news stories were included in the population. The study was conducted by inverse questionnaire coding. The study examines the duration of ISIS news coverage, the manner the stories has been reflected and how coverage of traumatic images has been managed. The main question of the research themed “the amount and manner of covering ISIS reports in these two news programs” indicates that most ISIS stories in the 21:00 news program have been in the form of feature stories and that Top5 has used voice over more. Examination of the duration of ISIS stories in these two news programs indicate that about 4 percent of the entire 21:00 news program is allocated to Daesh while more than 11 percent of Top5 program deals with Daesh stories. What is certain is that “traumatic images” are inseparable components of some TV, press and internet sites news stories which are unavoidable because of their higher influence on the audience and on moving forward the media goals and policies. However, proper and suitable use of techniques for airing disturbing reports can help, to a great amount, to preserve the psychological health of the audience and to make the media more professional. The research hypothesis argues that the Press TV’s Top 5 news program observes considerations on airing violent and heart-rending images more than the 21:00 news program. Measurements were made in two ways to examine this hypothesis.
In the first case, the volume of news stories that did not contain heart-rending images were not taken into consideration and in the second time the stories without such images were taken into consideration as images managed through omission or censorship. In both forms, measurement by Chi-squared test and tables analysis indicated that there is no significant relationship or very weak and undocumented relationship between the management of violent and traumatic images of these two news programs. Therefore, it cannot be said that one of these two news sections has managed violent and heart-rending images better than the other.